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29th Annual Congress

The World Society of Cardio-Vascular & Thoracic Surgeons

6-9 September 2019

Sofia, Bulgaria

Bulgaria

Geographic Location

Bulgaria It is a European, Balkan, Black Sea and Danube country. This geographic location places it on the crossroad between Europe, Asia and Africa.

History

The territory of Bulgaria has been inhabited since antiquity, as the country’s many ancient settlements and burial mounds attest. Present-day Bulgaria was a cradle of some of the earliest civilizations in Europe – the oldest gold ornament ever discovered, unearthed in the Chalcholite necropolis near Varna, is evidence of that. From the age of Ancient Thrace we have inherited valuable cultural monuments, including tombs (such as the Kazanlak tomb, the Aleksandrovska tomb, and the Sveshtarska tomb); treasures (the Panagyursko, Rogozensko, and Valchitransko teasures, among others); and sanctuaries and temples (at Perperikon, Starosel, Kozi Gramadi, Begliktash, and elsewhere).

State Structure and Economy

According to its Constitution, Bulgaria is a Parliamentary Republic, a unified state with local self-government. The official language in the republic is Bulgarian, and the religion of most Bulgarians is Eastern Orthodox Christianity. The national state emblem of the Republic of Bulgaria is an upright golden lion on a dark red, shield-shaped background. The national emblem of Republic of Bulgaria is depicted on its state seal. The flag of the Republic of Bulgaria consists of three colors: white, green and red, laid horizontally from top to bottom.

The basis of the Bulgarian economy is free economic initiative. The state creates conditions for the free development of science, education, and the arts and provides support for them.

Traditional Cuisine

Bulgarian cuisine is exceptionally diverse and delicious, consisting of various salads, breadstuffs, stews, and other local dishes. Many of the dishes are prepared according to traditional recipes handed down from generation to generation over the centuries.

The products which Bulgaria is internationally known for are yogurt and white brine (feta) cheese. These are almost always present on Bulgarian tables in one form or another.

Sofia

Sofia is the capital and the largest city of Bulgaria. It is located at the foot of Mount Vitosha in the western part of the country. Many of the major universities, cultural institutions, and businesses of Bulgaria are concentrated in Sofia.

Green areas

The city has an extensive green belt. There are four principal parks – Borisova gradina in the city center and the Southern, Western and Northern parks, as well as several other smaller parks.

Culture

Sofia concentrates the cultural life of Bulgaria. There are plenty of opportunities to diversify the evenings or the spare time of the visitors of the city. Best choices are among watching a theatre play (for example in the Ivan Vazov National Theatre), visiting an exhibition in one of the museums or galleries or going to the National Opera and Ballet. More ideas can be found at http://www.programata.bg/?l=2 .

Airport

Sofia is very easy to get to, there are more than 30 airlines operating direct passenger flights to 78 destinations in Europe and in the Middle East.

Sofia International Airport is located about 20 - 30 minutes driving distance from the centre of Sofia City depending on traffic conditions.

Metro

The Metro network consists of two lines - Line 1 and Line 2. Tickets can be purchased at the entrance of each metro station.

Public Transport

Sofia Public Transport Network consists of more than 90 bus lines which connect every point of the city and its surroundings, 15 tram lines and 9 electically driven bus lines.

Taxi

Taxi cars are yellow. It is recommended to always check the price with the driver before your trip.

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